The Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is a fast method for evaluating the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) defined to be the complex exponential sum, $$ \hat{x}_k = {1 \over \sqrt{N}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1} x_j W^{j k} \quad n = 0 \ldots N-1 $$ on the sequence $\{ x_k, \quad k = 0 \ldots N-1 \}$ where $W = e^{-2 \pi i / N}$ is an nth root of unity, and i denotes $\sqrt {-1}$

The FFT performs $O(n \: lg \: N)$ operations when N is a power of 2.

Here's C++ software which implements a power of two FFT. We create it as a derived class of the STL vector type.

- Clean C++ language implementation of a standard power of 2 FFT algorithm.

Here is a whitepaper on the method of implementation.

Source code and executables are distributed under the terms of the
GNU General Public License.
*Current version is 1.0*

FFT.cpp | FFT implementation. | View Download |

FFT.h | Header file containing the class definitions. | View Download |

testFFT.cpp | Main unit test or demo program. | View Download |

makefile | Makefile | View Download |

fftIn.txt | Input test file. | View Download |

fftOut.txt | Output test file. | View Download |

FFT.FOR | FFT in FORTRAN | View Download |

FFTD.FOR | FFT driver in FORTRAN | View Download |

On Mac OS X, I use the Xcode IDE; on a Windows platforms, I use the GNU Cygwin toolset for command line compiling and debugging; and on Unix systems, including Mac OS X, I use the built-in gcc compiler and gdb debugger. For online C++ language tutorials, books and references, see links to C++ documentation.

The discrete Fourier transform (DFT) is a discrete time approximation to the Fourier integral over a finite domain. It assumes the data in the domain is periodic. If it is not, any discontinuity at the beginning and end will generate artificial high frequencies which mix in with the power spectrum, called spectral leakage. To avoid that, people apply windowing functions to the data before applying the FFT.

Here's an example of a DFT on a single frequency and how to use windowing to reduce spectral leakage,

- The primary reference on the FFT is E. Oran Brigham's book
- For an industrial strength FFT, see the Fastest Fourier Transform in the West.
- A note on spectral leakage and windowing Understanding FFTs and Windowing

Copyright © 2005-2017 by Sean Erik O'Connor. All Rights Reserved. last updated 28 Jul 17.